Mwanza is Tanzania's second largest port on Lake Victoria. It's a commercial center for the region, and acts as a gateway to Bukoba through the MS Victoria which leaves the city three times a week.
Mwanza region is occupied by various tribal groups, included the Wasukuma, the Wakerewe, Wakara and Wazinza. Mwanza city's Makongoro Road is named after a prominent Sukuma chief who controlled the area in the late 1800s. Under British rule, Mwanza region was one district in the Lake Province, which became the Lake Region after independence. In 1963, Mwanza was given the status of a Region.